MP for Windsor
Working Hard For You
Conservatives are social reformers

As a long-standing advocate of social mobility I was cheered by the message at this years’ conference.

The Prime Minister laid out the moral mission for Conservatives over the next Parliament in his keynote address.

The message was clear and unequivocal: if you want something done about the challenges facing society, then the Conservatives are the only party for you.

As Conservatives, we are determined to tackle the complex social and economic issues of our time. Whether it’s housing, prisons, family stability, the care system or social mobility, we need to get to work, even if other politicians and political parties are reluctant to express their views through fear of being exposed as out of kilter with the sentiments of modern Britain.

The Conservative party has a proud heritage of social reformers from Disraeli’s “One Nation” conservatism to Macmillan’s housebuilding and Thatcher’s reshaping of the economy. We have a strong tradition of reforming and strengthening society. It should be no different today.

Prison doesn’t rehabilitate well enough. The care system does not, as I have long argued, look after children well enough. The housing market seems unaffordable for aspiring homeowners and hardworking young people often can’t get an early foothold on the career ladder despite their education.

Over the coming months, it will be important to set out how these reforms will work in practice. And the proof will undoubtedly be in the pudding.

But one thing is for sure, Labour has vacated the moderate politics of social justice to engage in catastrophic, destructive politics that have failed time and time again not just in the UK, but around the world from Venezuela to the USSR. They’ve learned nothing. Whether it’s housing, benefits or the care system, their answer is always to throw more money at it than the country earns and to breed state dependency.

The time has come to prove once and for all that only the Conservatives can provide the strong economy and secure country that we need to take on the injustices of society. Whether it is removing the obstacles to opportunity, raising wages, ending discrimination or extremism, the Conservatives will take on the big issues and continue to build a healthy and prosperous society.

It is a big ask but it will be worth it for the millions of hardworking people, young and old, who want to feel they are being dealt a better hand than in the past.

All schoolchildren should be given the opportunity to start and run their own businesses

In our race to make Britain the best place in the world for business, it is all too easy to forget about younger people. If we’re going to create a country that is truly business-friendly, then our schools need to give their students hands-on experience of trade and enterprise.

Last year, I hosted an event in Parliament for kids who had founded their own companies with the help of Young Enterprise, a charity that works in British schools. These teenagers explained how starting a business had helped them find their own feet while making a few quid in the process. They were excited, energised and optimistic about their futures. This event reinforced just how important business experience can be in changing the lives, attitudes and prospects of young people.

But, unfortunately, most children go through school without ever coming into contact with business or enterprise, let alone having a chance to run their own company. This is problematic because early hands-on exposure is crucial. If you’re exposed to business as a young person, you’re more likely to recognise self-employment as a serious and exciting career option later in life.

It’s not a coincidence that many children of entrepreneurs become entrepreneurs themselves. In fact, a US survey found that around half of all self-employed business people in America were second-generation entrepreneurs, and that the sons of self-employed fathers were three times more likely to be entrepreneurs themselves.

Crucially, business also plays an important role in social mobility. Business doesn’t discriminate. Business decisions are dictated by the bottom line rather than the background of the person you’re dealing with. So it’s not surprising that research from the Institute of Education shows that social mobility is higher among people who are self-employed than those who are in paid employment.

Entrepreneurship is not just for middle-class kids or those from privileged backgrounds. It’s not just for children in London or the South East. I remember being struck at the event in Parliament by how many of the young entrepreneurs didn’t come from privileged backgrounds. Whatever your background, if you’re enterprising and hard-working, business will give you a leg up.

But without hands-on experience of business, many children simply assume that university is the next and only step possible after school. They also assume it’s the best thing for them – and that is not always the case. Lots of young people spend three years of their lives studying something they don’t actually want to study when they could have been part of building a profitable business; right now, a sixth of our graduates regret going to university. Entrepreneurship could have provided these people with an alternative from the outset.

It’s no wonder that we struggle to win the argument that enterprise and competition are at the heart of economic growth. Wealth creation has all too often been frowned upon, or been seen as distasteful by our political elite. This ignorance has been fuelled by a lack of hands-on experience of how wealth creation actually works.

It’s not unusual to hear honest, sincere people support entrepreneurs and job creation in one breath, while arguing for high business taxes in the next. Giving young people some practical experience selling products, controlling a business account and navigating our labyrinthine tax code would give them a better sense of how government and business interact.

More children should have the chance to take part in setting up their own business at school. And I mean the whole caboodle: from registering a business and opening a bank account, to designing and selling their wares, paying taxes and taking home the profits. Schools are the natural place for this to happen.

But, we have to be wary of institutionalising this whole process. Hands-on business experience mustn’t become a box-ticking exercise. Nor should we add layers of bureaucracy to teachers’ work or handcuff head teachers. We need to get away from telling schools what to do with the limited resources that they have.

Thankfully, these schemes don’t have to be run by schools themselves because charities like Young Enterprise have been doing this work incredibly successfully for more than 50 years. They go into schools, give youngsters a small loan to get started, help them to found a business and put them in contact with business mentors. Does it work? Definitely! 42 per cent of Young Enterprise alumni go on to run their own businesses – well above the national average of around 26 per cent.

The quicker we get more young people into these schemes the better for all of us economically and socially. This doesn’t need to become part of the core curriculum to happen; the Education Secretary just needs to state, quite explicitly, that hands-on business experience is a national priority. This would signal to head teachers that they need to start thinking about broadening the experience they offer. Charities are ready and waiting to do the rest.

Of course, a dab of business experience at schools won’t solve all our economic and social problems. But I do think that if it is done in the right way, it will provide our children with another exciting option to consider after they leave school – and, hopefully, gather enough momentum to change people’s minds about the power of business. Even if students don’t go on to start their own business, they will have learned what sort of career they may want, and the value and risks involved of being an entrepreneur.

Schools should take proper business experience seriously. It should be a national priority – starting right now.


We need to care about children in care

One in four people in Britain will experience a mental health problem during their lifetime. But while so many people brave these painful experiences, they remain one of the most difficult things to talk about in public.

Yet, mental health issues are at the heart of social mobility and democracy, because they cause so many people to become disenfranchised from life and democratic process. Many still feel an overpowering social obligation to suffer in silence, keeping mental health issues confined to a corridor-whisper. As with dyslexia, we must break this taboo and do everything we can to ensure that people can talk openly about their problems. Only then can we provide the right treatment and support.

That’s why I’m so glad the government has brought forward the Care Bill which will, for the first time, codify ‘individual well-being’ in UK law. This marks a radical departure from how we used to think about our health. It moves beyond thinking about illness in terms of broken bones, stomach bugs and colds to something much broader. Health is complicated and many people can suffer severe, debilitating pain and misery without showing any outward signs.

Mental health problems start very early

For children in care, mental health problems are sadly endemic. Nearly half of children in care have a diagnosable disorder and 70-80% have recognisable problems. As adults these mental health issues will lead many of them into troubled and chaotic lives. Currently, a third of all care leavers are thought to be living on the street; half of all active sex workers are said to have been in care at some point, and nearly a third of current prisoners are thought to be in care when they were growing up.

The NSPCC estimates that there are around 91,000 children in care in the UK. Many of these children have already suffered at the hands of their family. In 2012, six in ten children were taken into care because of abuse or neglect, and these children will carry the emotional and physical scars for the rest of their lives.

More than any other group in society, I believe the State has a special responsibility for looked-after and vulnerable children. It has a general duty to house and protect them. And it has a particular responsibility to give them a good quality education so they have the opportunity to go on and succeed in life.

Boarding school education could be the answer

Education is the best way to lift these children up out of poverty and despair; to give them a new, brighter future. If these were our own children, we would want – and expect – nothing less than the government’s total commitment. Education is not a ‘cure’ for mental health issues – nor can it stop them from occurring in the first place. But the environment and support a young person is given can help mitigate the symptoms and aid recovery.

A top-quality education not only offers looked-after children a rare chance to learn new skills but also an opportunity to make friends – sometimes their first real friends – and build their own self-confidence.

That’s why I am calling on the government to consider supporting looked-after and vulnerable children to enter boarding schools.

Boarding schools help looked-after children succeed

Boarding school provide these children with stability and structure. This isn’t revolutionary. There are already some pioneering charities doing this work, like the Royal National Children’s Foundation (RNCF) and Buttle UK who provide looked-after children with bursaries to study.

Thankfully, the results of these schemes are already in: The educational attainment of the vulnerable children who took part in RNCF’s schemes increased 28% and their self-esteem and morale increased 50%. Their overall performance increased a whopping 80%. And, what’s more, 39% of vulnerable children who went to boarding schools became top performers within a couple of years. It is striking that when given the chance to turn their lives around these children seize that opportunity with both hands.

Boarding school placements are a viable and well-tested alternative to the status quo. They are supported by the three major party leaders as well as the schools involved. Nine in ten head teachers say they would be likely to increase the number of assisted boarders at their schools if the government gave them more support.

Why are these schemes not being delivered already? Funding? No. Securing a place at boarding school costs less than placing them in a care home or full-time foster care. It costs £150,000 to place a child in a children’s home and between £20-25,000 to place them in foster care. But it only costs £14,800 to support them in a state boarding school and £25-30,000 in an independent school, including the cost of care during school holidays. And the actual amount the government pays will be much lower after charities, philanthropists, schools and businesses get involved.

We must overcome our own prejudice

The challenge is to overcome our historic prejudices against boarding schools, especially when the benefits are so clear. We must put aside any preconceived ideas about who goes to which school and suspend any judgements about the boarding school system. For the sake of vulnerable, looked-after children we must boost the number of these children getting the stability of structured and consistent education at boarding school. Let’s enlarge the schemes, increase the school places and give many more of these children the chance to turn around their lives – before they start to suffer from almost insurmountable problems.

This is the not only the right thing for a moral and responsible society to do, but it is the first step toward creating a healthier, fitter and happier society; a socially mobile society where everyone has an opportunity to succeed.


There’s a crisis in the children’s care system and we need to sort this scandal out

We must stop throwing good money after bad on children’s homes that aren’t working. I believe there is a need to get vulnerable children into top-quality weekday boarding schools as soon as possible.

Children in care are some of the most disadvantaged people in our society. They don’t have families that are capable of looking after them and they miss out on love, support and great role models.

This isn’t their fault. They didn’t choose their family; they didn’t choose where and when they were born.

Politicians from all sides have ignored these children for too long. It is time we faced the facts, saddled our responsibility and overcame any historic prejudice to boarding schools when the evidence speaks for itself.

The current system doesn’t work. Many children in care already have a criminal record or suffer from an addition problem. Six in 10 children in care suffer from an emotional or mental problem. And a miserly 7 per cent go to university.

Without a good education or apprenticeships, how are these children supposed to succeed? How can they ever improve their lives and look forward to a brighter future?

The truth is the vast majority of looked-after children just won’t. Half of all sex workers were in care; a third of all care leavers are now thought to be living on the street and nearly a third of all those people in prison were in care at some point.

This is a shameful national catastrophe.

But there is a solution right in front of us. With the help of charities, schools, philanthropists and businesses, the government should pay for these children to go to boarding schools. I want to see these disadvantaged children studying at the best schools we have.

Boarding schools will be these children’s first experience of proper stability and structure. At the moment these neglected children are shuttled between foster carers and children’s homes. They’re lucky if they stick with the same people longer than a few weeks at best.

They can end up switching schools and teachers every other month. Why work hard when you might change schools in a couple of weeks? You’ll just start at bottom of the class again.

These children also don’t have the opportunity to build up strong friendships with other children or adults. This is not because foster carers or the people who work in children’s home don’t do a great job, but because these children are shifted about like chess pieces – treated like numbers in the system.

If we are going to see the UK return to the top of the competitiveness rankings, if we want the UK to be a great trading nation once again, we must improve the social mobility of these vulnerable children; everyone must have the opportunity to be the best they can be.

This isn’t revolutionary. There are already some brilliant charities doing some fantastic stuff. Charities like the Royal National Children’s Foundation (RNCF) and Buttle UK that provide vulnerable children with bursaries to study at boarding schools.

The results of these schemes open up your eyes and take your breath away.

Thirty nine per cent of children who are enrolled in boarding schools by RNCF become star performers, and half of those kids who were considered ‘at risk of failing’ had caught up with – or exceeded – their peers within three years.

These vulnerable children’s academic attainment climbed 28%; their self-esteem and morale soared 50 per cent and their overall performance rocketed 80%.

These disadvantaged kids knew they had been given a once in a lifetime opportunity. And they grabbed it with both hands.

And staggeringly, paying for these children to attend top boarding schools will be cheaper than the government’s current approach. It costs an eye-watering £150,000 to care for a child in a children’s home and between £20-25,000 to look after a child in foster care. It costs only £14,800 to enrol a child in state boarding school and between £25-30,000 at an independent school, including the cost of care during school holidays.

The actual amount the government pays will be much lower after charities, philanthropists, schools and businesses get involved.

I know that these bursaries won’t work for all children. Some children suffer from difficult emotional problems that cannot be managed effectively in a school environment. I’m the first to admit there’s no fix-all solution to difficult problems.

But we need to start somewhere.